Brake System

When it comes to safety, no system of the car is more important than the brake system. To ensure its optimal state should be checked at least once a year or as soon as you notice a problem.

Hydraulic Brakes

Today, most automobiles utilize this system consisting of two parts: a master cylinder connected to the pedal and a mechanism attached to the wheel. It also has brake lines that connect both sides and supporting devices. When you press the brake pedal, the master cylinder sends fluid to brake shoes all through the lines, apply the same braking force to all wheels. Brake fluid pushes the pads to press the discs or bells. This friction causes the decrease of the rotation of the wheels and the vehicle stops.


  • The pedal sinks to the bottom.
  • Listen unusual braking, and scraping noises.
  • Your car pulls to one side when braking.

The brakes may be drum or disc. The drum brakes or bell are formed by a steel or iron drum secured to the wheel bolts, so that rotate simultaneously. Inside, next to the semi-axis are both separated by an adjustment screw and a wheel cylinder pills. Disc brakes consist of a pair of pads mounted on each of the sides of a metal disc.


  • Check brake pads or brake shoes and replace if necessary. Each time you press the brake pads or shoes wear out, as well as discs and drums.
  • Replace discs and drums evidence of cracks. Send them to rectify if scratched.
  • Check the brake fluid level and replace it periodically as it deteriorates with heat.

How to Check the fluid level.

To check the brake fluid level, clean the top of the master cylinder and remove the cover. Typically, the master cylinder is mounted to the left side of the engine compartment. If the fluid reservoir is low, add fluid to the specified level clean, make sure the fluid is specified by the manufacturer.

After adding fluid to secure the cover. Always pay attention to any signs of problems in the brake system. If there are several possible causes pressing the brake pedal feels spongy. May be low levels of fluid from the master cylinder to cause loss or may be faulted joints wheel cylinder or master cylinder seals. A spongy pedal can also indicate air in the brake lines, this requires flushing the system, which must be done by a professional.

If the pedal goes all the way down when pressed, it may indicate a faulty master cylinder seal. If pressing the pedal or hear a squeaking sound of scraping, it may indicate worn brake shoes or pads. If the car is loaded to one side when braking, may be due to the wheel cylinder, you may have grease or fluid in the brake lining, or a line of damaged brake fluid. A pedal that trembles when pressed may indicate that the bells are deformed. Remember, the braking system is essential for your safety.